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Types of Simulation

At SMU, we offer the full range of simulation experiences.

IT and AV Team

Pre-licensure nursing students respond
to cues from SimMan®.

Health sciences simulation is not a single methodology but rather a menu of technologies, events and activities that can be combined in infinite ways to create realistic clinical situations for training purposes. At Samuel Merritt University (SMU), some simulations involve just the learner and a model of a physical object (a manikin, body part, or piece of equipment). In others, actors and learners portray health professionals. In others still, models, actors, real health professionals and learners come together in a scenario so life like it seems real even to the experienced eye.

More about the types of simulation we use in the Health Sciences Simulation Center (HSSC) at SMU:


Medical Moulage ↑ 

This is the French word for casting or molding, as in wax or clay models. In educational simulation, moulage is the art of applying mock injuries or visible symptoms for training purposes.

Multi-Disciplinary Scenarios ↑ 

Because SMU has academic programs across numerous health professions, the HSSC is able to combine disciplines into a single scenario. For example, nurse anesthetist resident (NAR) participate in an emergency maternity scenario with pre-licensure nursing students. Another scenario teams SNAs with Podiatry students. A third involves Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy students with Nursing students. This multi-disciplinary approach comes closer to approximating a real clinical workplace than any single-discipline scenario could ever do. Adding to the realism is the fact that scenario cast members are often health professionals themselves—nurses, physicians, midwives, therapists—who act out  “the real-life role.”

Hybrid Simulations ↑ 

This type of simulation optimizes the educational experience by merging Standardized Patients with Task Trainers. This combination allows students to practice technical skills and people skills at the same time.